Information and Communications Engineering News

In Good Light: A New High-Speed Projector with Visible and Infrared Capabilities

  • RSS

December 16, 2021

An international business–academia collaboration has yielded a new type of projector that can project RGB and invisible infrared images simultaneously and independently at a high speed of almost 1,000 fps. With its high image alignment accuracy enabled by a custom optics engine, this projector will help closely integrate invisible sensing and visible display for a wide range of novel applications, such as dynamic projection mapping.

Recent progress in technologies involved in display and projection are unlocking new ways for us to perceive and interact with digital media. Modern projectors and related techniques, such as projection mapping, allow us to visually augment surfaces, opening up vast possibilities for amusement attractions, concerts, stages, digital signage, task assistance, and more. In many of these applications, the projection target is not just limited to a flat, white, and static screen; the projected image has to be controlled in real time to match the surface of complex moving targets and make their augmented appearance more convincing.

Techniques used for such purposes are referred to as dynamic projection mapping (DPM) and have gathered much attention over the past few years. They rely on visual sensing methods to detect the target surface and require high speed, both in sensing and projection frame rate, to properly merge the projected image and its target without noticeable misalignment. Unfortunately, conventional DPM has limited uses because it either needs markers attached to the target or has to be restricted to a single plane (Figure 1) to meet the high speed requirements.

Limitations of modern dynamic projection mapping

Figure 1a

Limitations of modern dynamic projection mapping

Figure 1b

Figure 1. Limitations of modern dynamic projection mapping

  1.  Recently developed projection mapping techniques can achieve a very realistic appearance, even in dynamic scenes. However, they suffer from critical limitations, such as the need for markers on moving projection targets. In the above photographs, the markers can be clearly seen on the bunny.

On the other hand, projectors have also played important roles in visual sensing applications; projector–camera systems, which project a reference image onto the target surface and then capture it, can efficiently acquire much spatial information without using markers. Nevertheless, this type of sensing has not been used for DPM because no existing device has ever met the demands. That is, no device can handle display and sensing simultaneously with high performance and without them interfering with each other.

Fortunately, things might soon change on this front thanks to a new type of projector recently developed by an international business–academia collaboration team led by Associate Professor Yoshihiro Watanabe at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech), Takeshi Yuasa at Tokyo Electron Device Limited, Uwe Lippmann at Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering, and Petra Aswendt at ViALUX GmbH. This projector can simultaneously project visible RGB and invisible infrared (IR) images at a high frame rate of 925 fps. "Using our projector, we can construct a system that can sense its target surface using invisible wavelengths based on a projector–camera configuration which is a long-established computer-vision technology," explains Dr. Watanabe, "At the same time, the system can adaptively manipulate the images to display in visible wavelengths based on its sensing results."

At the core of this projector (Figure 2) lie two DLP® (Digital Light Processing) digital micromirror devices[1], which can handle 24-bit RBG and 8-bit IR images simultaneously and independently (Figure 3). The team also developed a novel optical engine to align the images coaxially with excellent precision while allowing for a compact configuration capable of high-power projection.

High-speed RGB+IR projector

Figure 2a

High-speed RGB+IR projector

Figure 2b

Figure 2. High-speed RGB+IR projector

  1.  The developed projector has a unique optics engine(shown Figure 2b ) and two digital micromirror devices that enable it to project RGB and IR images with excellent alignment accuracy.

projection target
Figure 3a

RGB image projected onto a target surface
Figure 3b

IR image projected onto a target surface
Figure 3c

Figure 3. RGB and IR images projected onto a target surface

  1.  The developed projector can project different RGB and IR images as required, as shown in the pictures above. Keep in mind that the IR image shown on the Figure 3c picture is normally invisible to the human eye.

As a first application case, the team plans to introduce their novel projector for a new type of DPM system, which will be capable of manipulating the appearance of the entire scene based on the sensed shape in a markerless way. "Conventional DPM approaches are limited in that they can only augment the appearance of targets with markers," states Dr. Watanabe, "The new type of mapping enabled by our projector will hopefully extend the fields of application of DPM." Moreover, while only IR projection will be used for shape sensing in their first project, a projector–camera configuration using the entire system could be designed to acquire deeper spatial and physical information, thereby greatly enhancing projection mapping. The future of projection technologies sure does looks bright!

  • Term

[1] DLP® Digital micromirror devices: Device having an array of microscopic mirrors (1024x768 mirrors in this study). Each mirror switching can be controlled independently and used for the projection image control. Projection method using this device is called Digital Light Processing (DLP).

  • Acknowledgement

This work was supported by JST SICORP Grant Number JPMJSC1808, Japan and BMBF Grant Number 01DR18009A and 9B, Germany.

  • Reference
Authors :
Uwe Lippmann1, Petra Aswendt2, Roland Höfling2, Kiwamu Sumino3, Kunihiro Ueda3, Yoshihide Ono3, Hidenori Kasebe3, Tohru Yamashita3, Takeshi Yuasa3, Yoshihiro Watanabe4
Title of original paper :
 High-Speed RGB+IR Projector based on Coaxial Optical Design with Two Digital Mirror Devices
Conference :
28th International Display Workshops別窓
Affiliations :

1 Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering


3 Tokyo Electron Device Limited

4 Tokyo Institute of Technology

* Corresponding author's email:

School of Engineering

School of Engineering
—Creating New Industries and Advancing Civilization—

Information on School of Engineering inaugurated in April 2016

School of Engineeringwindow

Schools, Departments, and Institute for Liberal ArtsOuter

Further Information

Associate Professor Yoshihiro Watanabe

School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Tel +81-45-924-5474

  • RSS

Page Top