Chemical Science and Engineering News
A combination of materials that reduces energy loss in organic solar cells has been identified by researchers in Japan. A solar cell comprises two materials: one with excess electrons and one with absent electrons, referred to as holes. An incoming photon can create an electron–hole pair. These separate at the material's interface and flow in opposite directions to generate a current. Energy is lost as the electric potential difference across the interface is smaller than the energy of the photon. Mohd Fairus Ahmad, Keiji Nagai and colleagues from Tokyo Institute of Technology used a technique called scanning Kelvin probe microscopy to investigate this potential difference between two organic materials. They identified a naturally occurring electric potential at this interface, which reduces the potential difference between the materials and thus energy loss during photon conversion.
Image mapping of the contact potential difference by Scanning Kelvin Probe Microscopy. The maximal part is located along the lateral p-n junction, and the potential was shifted to the positive (blue). Furthermore, the positive potential was utilized as oxidation power electrochemically (left data), and photocatalysis.
|Authors :||Mohd Fairus Ahmad1, 2, Motoya Suzuki1, Toshiyuki Abe3, Keiji Nagai1|
|Title of original paper :||
Enhanced oxidation power in photoelectrocatalysis based on a micrometer-localized positive potential in a terrace hetero p-n junction
|Journal :||NPG Asia Materials|
1 Laboratory for Chemistry and Life Science, Institute of Innovative Research, Tokyo Institute of Technology,
2 School of Microelectronic Engineering, Kampus Pauh, Universiti Malaysia Perlis
3 Department of Frontier Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Technology,Hirosaki University