Life Science and Technology News

Labs spotlight #48 - Murakami Laboratory -

Protein structure analysis at atomic resolution

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May 8, 2017

The Department has a variety of laboratories for Life Science and Technology, in which cutting-edge innovative research is being undertaken not only in basic science and engineering but also in the areas of medicine, pharmacy, agriculture, and multidisciplinary sciences.

This "Spotlight" series features a laboratory from the Department and introduces you to the laboratory's research projects and outcomes. This time we focus on Murakami Laboratory.

Professor Satoshi Murakami

Life Science and Technology
Professor Satoshi Murakamiouter

Degree PhD 1997, Osaka University
Areas of Research Structural Biology, Protein crystallography
Keywords Membrane Protein, Membrane Transport, Drug Efflux, Drug Resistance
Website Murakami Laboratoryouter

Research interest

X-ray crystallography

Understanding of molecular mechanism of proteins based on their structures at atomic resolution is our major research object. For structural analysis of protein molecule - in particular for membrane proteins - X-ray crystallography is the most powerful technology.

Although membrane proteins are very tough target for X-ray crystallography, we are also trying to develop new techniques to challenge these targets having difficulty in crystallographic analysis, including an efficient purification methods and an new crystallization method.

Membrane protein structural biology

The cell membrane is not only an envelope or a permeability barrier for the cell, but also the right place for certain biological reactions, like membrane transport, energy metabolism and signal transduction. There are a lot of proteins in the membrane, and they play physiologically important roles.

In our laboratory, we seek to understand the molecular mechanism of key biological processes on the cell membrane at the level of protein structure, dynamics and molecular biology. We keep challenging resolutely though it is known that structural analysis of membrane proteins is a very arduous field of science.

Crystal structures of membrane protein solved in our laboratory

Crystal structures of membrane protein solved in our laboratory

Research findings

Selected publications

  • [1] Water-mediated recognition of simple alkyl chains by heart-type fatty-acid-binding protein. S. Matsuoka, S. Sugiyama, D. Matsuoka, M. Hirose, S. Lethu, H. Ano, T. Hara, O. Ichihara, S.Kimura, S. Murakami, H. Ishida, E. Mizohata, T. Inoue and M. Murata, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 54, 1508-11 (2015)
  • [2] Drug uptake pathways of multidrug transporter AcrB studied by molecular simulations and site-directed mutagenesis experiments. X-Q. Yao, N. Kimura, S. Murakami, S. Takada, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135, 7474-85 (2013)
  • [3] Growth of protein crystals in hydrogels prevents osmotic shock. S. Sugiyama, M. Maruyama, G. Sazaki, M. Hirose, H. Adachi, K. Takano, S. Murakami, T. Inoue, Y. Mori, H. Matsumura, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 134, 5786-5789 (2012)
  • [4] Drug export and allosteric coupling in a multidrug transporter revealed by molecular simulations. X-Q. Yao, H. Kenzaki, S. Murakami, S. Takada, Nat. Commun., 1, 117 (2010)
  • [5] Dynamic nature of disulphide bond formation catalysts revealed by crystal structures of DsbB. K. Inaba, S. Murakami, A. Nakagawa, H. Iida, M. Kinjo, K. Ito, M. Suzuki, EMBO J., 28. 779-791 (2009)
  • [6] Crystal structures of DsbB- DsbA complex revealing a Cysteine relocation mechanism. K. Inaba, S. Murakami, M. Suzuki, A. Nakagawa, E. Yamashita K. Okada, K. Ito, Cell 127, 789-801 (2006)
  • [7] Crystal structures of a multidrug transporter reveal a functionally rotating mechanism. S. Murakami, R. Nakashima, E. Yamashita, T. Matsumoto and A. Yamaguchi, Nature, 443, 173-179 (2006)
  • [8] Crystal structure of bacterial multidrug efflux transporter AcrB. S. Murakami, R. Nakashima, E. Yamashita and A. Yamaguchi, Nature, 419, 587-593 (2002)

Contact

Professor Satoshi Murakami
Room 904, J2 building, Suzukakedai campus
E-mail : murakami@bio.titech.ac.jp

*Find more about the lab and the latest activities at the lab siteouter.

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